About FODMAPs and IBS, Monash FODMAP – Monash Fodmap

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FODMAPs and Irritable Bowel Syndrome

See how the right food choices can decrease symptoms of IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by chronic, relapsing symptoms including lower abdominal pain and discomfort, bloating, wind, distension and altered bowel habit (ranging from diarrhoea to constipation) but with no abnormal pathology. One in seven adults suffer from IBS.

What are FODMAPs?

Put simply, FODMAPs are a collection of short-chain carbohydrates (sugars) that aren’t absorbed properly in the gut, which can trigger symptoms in people with IBS. FODMAPs are found naturally in many foods and food additives.

Fermentable

Process through which gut bacteria ferment undigested carbohydrate to produce gases.

Oligosaccharides

Fructans & GOS – found in foods such as wheat, rye, onions, garlic and legumes/pulses.

Disaccharides

Lactose – found in dairy products like milk, soft cheeses and yogurts.

Monosaccharides

Fructose – found in honey, apples, high fructose corn syrups, etc.

Sorbitol & Mannitol – Found in some fruit and vegetables and used as artificial sweeteners.

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